God's Promise to Israel
Scripture: Romans 9:1–9:13
Romans: The Gospel for God’s glory
God’s promise to Israel
God’s promise hasn’t failed Israel, for it is based on his electing purpose
Why, after presenting such great hope-filled truth in Romans 8, does Paul begin talking about Israel and the problem of her rejection of Christ?
1) Paul affirms the truth in Christ of his great anguish of heart, 9:1-2.
2) Paul could wish himself accursed from Christ for the sake of his fellow Jews, 9:3.
Why did Paul feel the need to affirm by Christ and the Spirit he was telling the truth (vss.1-2) about his great sorrow over the unbelief of his fellow Jews? How could Paul possibly wish that he was accursed, cut off from Christ if it would save his fellow Jews?
3) To the Israelites belong the adoption, the glory, the worship, the covenants, the giving of the law, the promises, 9:4.
4) To the Israelites belong the patriarchs, from them is the Messiah, who is God over all, 9:5.
How do vss. 4-5 give further reason for Paul’s grief over Israel’s unbelief?
5) The word of God has not failed, for not all who are of ethnic Israel are of Israel, 9:6.
What reason does Paul give for his claim that the word of God has not failed in spite of Israel’s rejection of Jesus as Messiah?
6) Not all offspring of Abraham are his children, but “in Isaac shall your offspring be called,” 9:7.
7) The children of the flesh aren’t God’s children but children of the promise are offspring, 9:8.
8) The promise said, “This time next year I will come and Sarah shall have a son,” 9:9.
How do vss. 9:7-9 illustrate how God has sovereignly chosen his children of promise?
9) Before Rebecca’s children were born, she was told, “the older shall serve the younger, that God’s electing purpose might continue, not of works but of him who calls,” 9:10-12.
What does Paul say is the reason God chose Jacob and not Esau? What is the basis of God’s purpose in election?
10) It is written in Malachi 1:2-3, “Jacob I loved but Esau I hated,” 9:13.
How does Paul’s Malachi quote further confirm God’s sovereign purpose in election?
In 9:7-13, how has Paul demonstrated from history that in spite of Israel’s unbelief, that God’s word has not failed, for not all descended from Israel belong to Israel?